NATIONAL GREEN TRIBUNAL (NGT)
To prepare for Indian Polity for any competitive exam, aspirants have to know about the National Green Tribunal (NGT). It gives an idea of all the important topics for the IAS Exam and the polity syllabus (GS-II.). This is an essential portion of the polity. As IAS aspirants, you should be thorough with the National Green Tribunal (NGT). In this article, you can read all about the National Green Tribunal (NGT) for the Polity and Governance segments of the UPSC syllabus.
NGT is statutory and quasi-judicial body which deals with adjudication related to environment, called as “Green Court of India”.
- The inadequacy of National Environment Tribunal Act, 1995 and National Environment Appellate Authority Act, 1997 were gave rise to demand for an institution to deal with environmental cases more efficiently and effectively.
- The Law Commission in its 186th Report suggested multi-faceted Courts with judicial and technical inputs referring to the practice of environmental Courts in Australia and New Zealand.
- As a result NGT was formed as a special fast-track, quasi-judicial body comprising of judges and environment experts to ensure expeditious disposal of cases.
|STRUCTURE AND COMPOSITION OF NGT|
- The NGT was established in 2010 under the National Green Tribunal Act 2010 as a statutory
- It was setup for effective and expeditious disposal of cases relating to environmental protection and conservation of forests and other natural resources.
- It ensures enforcement of any legal right relating to environment and giving relief and compensation for damages to persons and property.
- The Tribunal is mandated to make and endeavour for disposal of applications or appeals finally within 6 monthsof filing of the same.
- Initially, the NGT is proposed to be set up at five places of sittings and will follow circuit procedure for making itself more accessible.
|PRINCIPAL PLACE OF SITTING|
- New Delhi
- Regionalbenches – Bhopal, Pune, Kolkata and Chennai shall be the other four place of sitting of the Trib