JOINT PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION Article 315 to 323 (Part XIV)

JOINT PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION Article 315 to 323 (Part XIV)

 

 

BASICS AND BACKGROUND
  • In 1926 on the recommendation of Lee Commission (1924), the Federal Public Service Commission was established.
  • Government of India Act, 1935 provided for Central Public Service Commissions, State Public Service Commission and Joint Public Service Commission.
  • The Constitution makes provision for a JPSC to cater to needs of two or more states.
  • JPSC is formed by an act of parliament. Thus, a JSPSC is a statutory and not a constitutional body.
  • It submits reports to the concerned State Governors.
  • President decides composition, tenure, conditions of service, removal. Chairman and Members have a term of six years or till 62, whichever is earlier.
  • They can be suspended or removed by the president, or they can resign by writing to the president.

E.g. – The two states of Punjab and Haryana had a JSPSC for a short period, after the creation of Haryana out of Punjab in 1966.

 

SIMILARITIES AND DIFFERENCES BETWEEN UPSC, SPSC & JPSC

 

BASISUPSCSPSCJPSC
CreationConstitution of IndiaConstitution of IndiaCreated by the Law of Parliament if agreed by the concerned states and requested for creation by the resolution of the state.
Appointment of MembersPresident of IndiaGovernor of StatePresident of India
Condition for AppointmentOne half of members shall have held office for at least 10 years either under government of India or government of a state.SameSame
Term of Office6 or 65 years6 or 62 years6 or 62 years
Resignation from OfficeAddressed to PresidentAddressed to PresidentAddressed to President
Grounds of RemovalMisbehaviour; On report of SC on inquiry held in accordance with procedure prescribed under Art. 145SameSame
Removal Without report of SC

 

 

-Applies to any member or chairman of the Public Service Commission.

-Adjudged an Insolvent

Engages in paid employment outside the duties of office

-In opinion of President unfit to continue in office due to infirmity of body

SameSame
Prohibited toChairmanChairmanChairman
Terms for holding of officeIneligible for further employment either under GoI or govt. of a state.

-Members Ineligible for further appointment either under GoI or govt. of state Eligible for Chairman of UPSC

Chairman of SPSC/JPSC

-Eligible for appointment as Chairman of UPSC, Member of UPSC, Chairman of any other SPSC

-Members Eligible for

Chairman of UPSC

Chairman of SPSC/JPSC

Member of UPSC

Eligible for appointment as Chairman of UPSC, Member of UPSC,

Chairman of any other SPSC

-Members Eligible for

Chairman of UPSC

Chairman of SPSC/JPSC

Member of UPSC

Power to extend the tenure of the office

(Art.321)

Parliament by lawState Legislature by lawParliament by law
Power to RemovePresidentPresidentPresident
Expenses of CommissionCharged on Consolidated fund of India (Art. 322)Charged on consolidated fund of state (Art. 322)Charged on consolidated fund of state concerned and shared between the states
Report of commissionSubmitted to the President and then it is laid before each house of parliamentSubmitted to the Governor and he lays it before the state legislature.Submitted to Governors of the state concerned. Governors lay it before their state legislatures
Functions of PSCConduct Examinations for appointmentsSameSame