|NHRC & SHRC|
|ESTABLISHMENT||· By an Act of Parliament (Protection of Human Rights Act 1993).|
· Statutory Body.
1. Serving or retired judge of SC;
2. Serving or retired CJ of a HC and
3. 3 others (at least one woman) having knowledge or practical experience of human rights.
1. Serving or retired judge of HC or District Judge With 7 years of experience;
2. Person having knowledge or practical experience of human rights.
a) Is adjudged an insolvent or
b) Engages during his term of office in any paid employment outside the duties of his office; or
c) Is, in the opinion of the president, unfit to continue in office by reason of infirmity of mind or body.
d) If he is of unsound mind and stand so declared by a competent court; or
e) If he is convicted and sentenced to imprisonment for an offence.
|CENTRAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION|
- On recommendation of Santhanam Committee on corruption. CBI as setup through resolution. It derives its powers from DPSE Act, 1946.
- It is not a statutory body. It comes under Ministry of Personnel and now it enjoys the status of an attached office.
- Composition: Headed by DIRECTOR, Provide with security of 2 years Tenure in office by CVC Act, 2003. Additionally, it has a number of joint directors, deputy inspector generals, superintendents of police and all other usual ranks of police personnel.
- Appointment of Director: By Central Government on recommendation of a 3-member committee consisting of the PM as Chairperson, the Leader of Opposition (LS) and the CJI or Judge of the SC nominated by him.
- CBI investigates crime of corruption, economic offences and serious and organized crime other than terrorism while NIA investigate terror related crime such as incidents of terrorist attacks, funding of terrorism and it also Provide assistance to CVC & Lokpal in investigation.
- It acts as the “National Central Bureau” of Interpol in India.
|CENTRAL & STATE IC and CENTRAL VIGILANCE COMMISSIONER|
|RESIGNATION||· To PRESIDENT.|