Modern Indian History (All Questions Solved)

MODERN INDIAN HISTORY IN UPSC PRELIMS 2021

Where is Modern History headed?

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  1. Consider the following statements
  1. The Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms of 1919 recommended granting voting rights to all women above the age of 21. 
  2. The Government of India Act of 1935 gave women reserved seats in the legislature.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?


(a) 1 only


(b) 2 only


(c) Both 1 and 2


(d) Neither 1 nor 2

 

52 Answer – B

Statement 1st is wrong.

In 1918, when Britain granted limited suffrage to women property holders, the law did not apply to British citizens in other parts of the Empire. Despite petitions presented by women and men to the British commissions sent to evaluate Indian voting regulations, women’s demands were ignored in the Montagu–Chelmsford Reforms. In 1919, impassioned pleas and reports indicating support for women to have the vote were presented by suffragists to the India Office and before the Joint Select Committee of the House of Lords and Commons, who were meeting to finalize the electoral regulation reforms of the Southborough Franchise Committee. Though they were not granted voting rights, nor the right to stand in elections, the Government of India Act 1919 allowed Provincial Councils to determine if women could vote, provided they met stringent property, income, or educational levels.

Source: Wikipedia

Statement 2nd is correct:

Features of Act of 1935

Provinces derived their power and authority directly from the British Crown. They were given independent financial
powers and resources. Provincial governments could borrow money on their own security.
● Provincial legislatures were further expanded. Bicameral legislatures were provided in the six provinces of
Madras, Bombay, Bengal, United Provinces, Bihar, and Assam, with other five provinces retaining unicameral legislatures.
● The principles of ‘communal electorates’ and ‘weightage’ were further extended to depressed classes, women, and labor.  The franchise was extended, with about 10 percent of the total population getting the right to vote.

Source: Spectrum

 

  1. With reference to 8th August 1942 in Indian history, which one of the following statements is correct?


(a) The Quit India Resolution was adopted by the AICC.


(b) The Viceroy’s Executive Council was expanded to include more Indians. 


(c) The Congress ministries resigned in seven provinces. 


(d) Cripps proposed an Indian Union with full Dominion Status once the Second World War was over.

53: Answer: A

The Quit India Movement (translated into several Indian languages as the Leave India Movement), also known as the August Movement, was a movement launched at the Bombay session of the All India Congress Committee by Mahatma Gandhi on 8 August 1942, during World War II, demanding an end to British rule in India..

 

  1. Who among the following is associated with ‘Songs from Prison’, a translation of ancient Indian religious lyrics in English?


(a) Bal Gangadhar Tilak


(b) Jawaharlal Nehru


(c) Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi


(d) Sarojini Naidu

54)  Answer: C

Songs from Prison: Translations of Indian lyrics Made in Jail by Mohandas K. Gandhi

A collection of songs and lyrics by Gandhi, written during his imprisonment in Yerwada Jail, Poona

 

  1. Who among the following was associated as Secretary with Hindu Female School which later came to be known as Bethune Female School?


(a) Annie Besant


(b)
Debendranath Tagore


(c) Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar


(d) Sarojini Naidu

 

56) Answer: C

In December 1850, Bethune appointed Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar as secretary to the school, in what proved to be a masterstroke. Naga writes that Vidyasagar’s biographer Sambhu Chandra Vidyaratna acknowledged in the biography that this appointment encouraged many Hindu families to send their girls to Bethune’s school.

 

  1. In the context of Colonial India, Shah Nawaz Khan, Prem Kumar Sehgal and Gurbaksh Singh Dhillon remembered as 

(a) leaders of Swadeshi and Boycott are Movement

(b) members of the Interim Government in 1946 

(c) members of the Drafting Committee in the Constituent Assembly

(d) officers of the Indian National Army

57  Answer: D

 Major General Shah Nawaz Khan, Colonel Gurbaksh Singh Dhillon, and Colonel Prem Kumar Sahgal were three of the senior-most officers of INA and trusted colleagues of Netaji. They underwent court-martial by the British at Red Fort in 1945 and were sentenced to death, but instead had to be released following widespread protests and unrest in India.

 

  1. In the first quarter of the seventeenth century, in which of the following were/were the factory/factories of the English East India Company located?
  1. Broach
  2. Chicacole
  3. Trichinopoly

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1 only


(b) 1 and 2


(c) 3 only


(d) 2 and 3

Answer-  (a) 1 only, Broach

Solution

In 1615, Thomas Roe came as an ambassador of King James 1 to the court of Jahangir who granted him the permission to set up factories at Agra, Ahmedabad and Broach.

(Source: Spectrum, page 34)

So, Broach is correct.

In 1756 and 1763, the British had been granted the districts of the Jagir by the Nawab of Arcot for the services they had rendered him. In 1765, the territory of the Northern Circars, which consisted of the districts of Chicacole, Rajahmundry, Ellore, and Cundapelly had been added.

So, the factory at Chicalole was not built in the first half of the seventeenth century.

 

  1. With reference to Madanapalle of Andhra Pradesh, which one of the following statements is correct?

(a) Pingali Venkayya designed the tricolor Indian National Flag here.


(b)
Pattabhi Sitaramaiah led the Quit India Movement of the Andhra region from here.


(c) Rabindranath Tagore translated the National Anthem from Bengali to English here.


(d) Madame Blavatsky and Colonel Olcott set up headquarters of Theosophical Society first here.

66 Answer: C

Exp:

Option C is correct: It is common knowledge that Rabindranath Tagore authored the national anthem ‘Jana Gana Mana’ in 1911. But not many know that it was translated into English as ‘Morning Song of India’ and given a tune on February 28, 1919, during Tagore’s brief stay at Madanapalle. Then a nondescript town, Madanapalle got a coveted place in history as Tagore chose to stay with Irish poet James H. Cousins, then principal of Besant Theosophical College. Till then, ‘Jana Gana Mana’ was just a lyric. It became a song after the principal’s wife Margaret Cousins gave it a tune. She had carefully studied the meaning of each line and composed the musical notes, which Tagore had happily approved. Before ‘Jana Gana Mana’ was declared the national anthem on January 24, 1950, two days before India became a republic, then Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru had asked musician Herbert Murrill to give his opinion on the tune.

Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/andhra-pradesh/when-jana-gana-mana-got-its-tune/article33945758.ece

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