- Inter-State Water Dispute (Article 262)
- Inter-State Councils (Article 263)
- Public Acts, Records and Judicial Proceedings.
- Inter-State Trade and Commerce (Article 301 to 307)
- Zonal Councils under States Reorganisation Act 1956
|INTER-STATE WATER DISPUTES (Art. 262):|
|Parliament enacted two laws under these provisions:|
|River Boards Act 1956:||A river board is established by the Centre on the request of state to advise them.|
|Inter-State Water Disputes Act 1956:|
|Empowers Centre to setup an ad hoc tribunal for the adjudication of an inter-state water dispute between 2 or more states + Decisions of the tribunal are binding + No courts have jurisdiction over such disputes.|
|Tribunals established till now:|
|Krishna Water Dispute||1969||MH, KR, AP|
|Godavari Dispute||1969||MP, KR, AP, MH, OD|
|Narmada||1969||RJ, GJ, MP, MH|
|Ravi & Beas||1986||PB, HR, RJ|
|Cauvery||1990||KR, KL, TN, Puducherry|
|Second Krishna Water Dispute||2004||MH, KR, AP|
|Mahadayi||2010||Goa, KR, MH|
|Inter-State Council (Art.263):|
|Role of President|
|STANDING COMMITTEE OF THE COUNCIL:|
- Set up in 1996 + For continuous consultation and processing of matters for the consideration of council.
- Members of the Committee: Union Home Minister as Chairman + Five Union Cabinet Ministers + Nine CMs
- The Council is assisted by Inter-State Council Secretariat: Set up in 1991 + Headed by Secretary to the Government of India.
|INTER-STATE TRADE & COMMERCE:|
|Provides for restrictions:|
|PUBLIC ACTS, RECORDS AND JUDICIAL PROCEEDINGS (ARTICLE 261):|
- Full faith & credit to public acts, records and judicial proceedings of the Centre and States throughout the country.
- Parliament by laws, will determine the manner in which and the conditions under which such acts, records and proceedings are to be proved and their effect determined.
- Final judgements & orders of civil courts in any part of India are capable of execution anywhere within India. This rule applies to civil judgments and not to criminal judgments.
- Statutory (Extra-constitutional) body + Established under Reorganisation of States Act 1956 (7th CAA 1956)
- They are only deliberative and advisory bodies; recommendations are not binding.
- The Zonal Councils should meet at least twice a year
- Members of Zonal Councils: à Union Home Minister as Chairman + CMs of all the states in the zone + CMs of all the states in the zone + Administrator of each UT in the zone
- Statutory body Created by separate act: North-Eastern Council Act, 1971.
- Members: all North Eastern states.
- Ex-officio Chairperson – Union Home Minister
- Vice-Chairperson – Minister of State (Independent Charge), Ministry of DoNER.
- Members – Governors and Chief Ministers of all the eight States and 3 members nominated by President.
- Sikkim was added in 2002 as the eighth member of the North-Eastern Council