ENVIRONMENTAL ORGANISATIONS IN INDIA

ENVIRONMENTAL ORGANISATIONS IN INDIA

 

 

ANIMAL WELFARE BOARD OF INDIA (AWBI)
  • Established in 1962 + HQ: Ballabhgarh in Haryana (earlier based at Chennai).
  • Key person: Rukmini Devi Arundale (also the 1st Chairperson of AWBI).
  • AWBI is a statutory advisory body under The Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960 under the Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying.
  • Functions: Its advices governments on the matters related to Animal welfare + Provides grants to Animal Welfare Organizations.

 

CENTRAL ZOO AUTHORITY (CZA)
  • Established in 1992 (HQ: New Delhi)
  • CZA is a statuary body + under 1991 Amendment to Wildlife (Protection) Act 1972 + under MoEF&CC.
  • Objectives: To complement the national effort in conservation of wild life + To maintain Indian Zoos on par with International standards + Exchange of animals between Indian and foreign zoos.
  • The Authority consists: Chairman: Minister of Environment + 10 members & a member Secretary.

 

FOREST SURVEY OF INDIA (FSI)
  • Established in 1981 + HQ: Dehradun in Uttarakhand + under MoEF&CC.
  • It started as ‘Pre-Investment Survey of Forest Resources (PISFR)’ in 1965 before re-organized as FSI in 1981.
  • Objective: to conduct survey and assessment of forest resources.
  • Forest Survey Report: Released by FSI since 1987, biennially (once in two years).

 

BOTANICAL SURVEY OF INDIA (BSI)
  • Established in 1890 (under the direction of Sir George King) + HQ: Kolkata + under MoEF&CC.
  • BSI is the apex taxonomic research organization of the country.
  • Mandate: biosystematics research, floristic studies, documentation of flora, digitization of herbarium specimens, & advisory services etc.,
  • BSI publishes ‘Red Data Book of Indian Plants’.

 

ZOOLOGICAL SURVEY OF INDIA (ZSI)
  • Established in 1916 + HQ: Kolkata + under MoEF&CC
  • Objective: to promote the survey, exploration and research of the fauna.
  • The history of ZSI goes back to Asiatic Society of Bengal founded by Sir William Jones in 1784.

 

NATIONAL BIODIVERSITY AUTHORITY (NBA)
  • Established in 2003 + HQ: Chennai + under MoEF&CC
  • NBA is a statutory body under Biological Diversity Act, 2002.
  • The act was enacted to give effect-to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) (India signed it in 1992)
  • Mandate: to perform regulatory & advisory functions for the GoI on issues of conservation, sustainable use of biological resources.
  • NBA supports creation of State Biodiversity Boards (SBBs).
  • Biodiversity Heritage Sites: Notified by State Governments in consultation with local bodies.

 

WILDLIFE CRIME CONTROL BUREAU (WCCB)
  • Established in 2006 + HQ: New Delhi + under MoEF&CC
  • WCCB is a statutory body constituted under the Wildlife (Protection) Act 1972 (WPA 2006, Amendment).
  • Have five regional offices at Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai, Chennai & Jabalpur.
  • Objective: to combat organized wildlife crime
  • Additional Director General (Wild Life) is the ex-officio director of the WCCB.
  • WCCB is the nodal point for SAWEN (South Asia Wildlife Enforcement Network) in India.
  • WCCB has conducted: Operation Save Kurma, Thunder Bird, Wild-Net, Lesknow, Birbil, Clean Art
  • It also assists & advises the Customs authorities in inspection of the consignments of flora & fauna as per the provisions of WPA, CITES & EXIM Policy.
  • UNEP has awarded WCCB with ‘Asia Environment Enforcement Awards’ in 2018.

 

NATIONAL PLAN FOR CONSERVATION OF AQUATIC ECO-SYSTEMS (NPCA)
  • NPCA was launched in 2013 by merging National Lake Conservation Plan (NLCP) and National Wetlands Conservation Programme (NWCP)
  • Objective: Holistic conservation & restoration of lakes, wetlands to enhance water quality besides improving biodiversity and the ecosystem.
  • NPCA is presently operational on cost sharing between Central and respective state governments.

 

NATIONAL GANGA RIVER BASIN AUTHORITY
  • Established in 2009 + HQ: New Delhi + under Ministry of Jal Shakti
  • Mandate: Abatement of pollution & conservation of the river Ganga.
  • The NGRBA is chaired by the Prime Minister
  • Members include: Union Ministers concerned, the Chief Ministers of the States through which Ganga flows.

 

NATIONAL BOARD FOR WILDLIFE (NBWL)
  • Established in 2003 + HQ: New Delhi + under MoEF&CC
  • It replaced the ‘Indian Board for Wildlife’, which was formed in 1952 as an advisory board.
  • NBWL is a statutory body constituted under the WPA, 1972.
  • NBWL Composition: Chair Person: the Prime Minister | Vice-Chair:  Minister of Environment | 45 other members including 19 ex-officio members, 3 MPs (2 from LS & 1 from RS), 5 NGOs.
  • Objective: To promote the conservation and development of wildlife and forests.
  • It has power to review all wildlife-related matters and approve projects in and around national parks and sanctuaries.
  • No alternation of boundaries in National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries can be done without approval of the NBWL

 

NATIONAL TIGER CONSERVATION AUTHORITY (NTCA)
  • Established in 2006 + HQ: New Delhi + under MoEF&CC
  • NTCA is a statutory body constituted under the WPA, 1972 (Amendment Act, 2006).
  • Chairperson: Minister of Environment.
  • It provides statutory authority to Project Tiger.
  • Addresses the livelihood interests of local people in areas surrounding Tiger Reserves.
  • State level Steering Committees will be set up in the Tiger States under the Chairmanship of respective Chief Minister.

 

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