ONLYIAS – Nothing else | UPSC IAS EXAM PREPARATION

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To prepare for Indian Polity for any competitive exam, aspirants have to know about the basics of Federal Governance. It gives an idea of all the topics important for the IAS Exam and the polity syllabus (GS-II). Federal Governance and related topics are extremely important for the UPSC Exam. This is an essential portion of the polity. As IAS aspirants, you should be thorough with the Federal Governance. This article will provide you with relevant details about the Features of the Unitary Government and Federal Government.

 

FEATURES OF UNITARY GOVERNMENT AND FEDERAL GOVERNMENT
Unitary government Federal government
Single government – National government which may create regional governments. Dual Government– National government and regional government (for instance, union government and state government)
Constitution may be written (France) or unwritten (Britain) Written nature of the Constitution E.g. Indian Constitution.
No division of powers – All powers are vested in the national government Division of powers – Between the national and regional government. (Example – three list India)
Constitution may be supreme (Japan) or may not be supreme (Britain) Supremacy of the Constitution – Constitution is considered as supreme and fundamental law of land
Constitution may be rigid (France) or flexible (Britain) Rigid Constitution – difficult to amend and less adaptable to contemporary situations
Judiciary may be independent or may not be independent. Independent judiciary – consist federal courts and state courts
Legislature may be bicameral (Britain) or unicameral (China) Bicameral legislature – consist of upper house and lower house.