To prepare for Indian Polity for any competitive exam, aspirants have to know about the basics of the Parliamentary System. It gives an idea of all the topics important for IAS Exam and the polity syllabus (GS-II). Parliamentary systems and related topics are extremely important for the UPSC Exam. This is an essential portion of the polity. As IAS aspirants, you should be thorough with the Parliamentary System. This article will provide you with relevant details about the need of a Presidential System in India
|WHY NEED OF PRESIDENTIAL SYSTEM FELT IN INDIA?|
- Need for presidential system has been a point of discussion and debate in India since the 1970s. (Post-emergency era)
- Emergency and subsequent amendments (Esp. 42nd CAA 1976) showed the inefficiencies and drawbacks of parliamentary system.
- “Super cabinet” and powerful role of PM and cabinet in parliamentary system.
- Inefficiencies and drawbacks of coalition governments.
- Less stability in govt. leads to mid-term elections, poor decision making and lack of continuity in policy and programmes.
|FEASIBILITY OF PRESIDENTIAL SYSTEM FOR INDIA|
- Supreme Court has formulated a Basic Structure doctrine in the Kesavananda Bharati judgement and the doctrine includes the Parliamentary form of Government as one if its tenets.
- Unless the Supreme Court changes its mind, any such amendment would violate the ‘basic structure’ of the Constitution as was decided since 1973. There is no way to get around this unless the Supreme Court now takes a wholly different view.
Presidential system may not be suitable for India because of –
- Consensus-building is an important component in a diverse country like India.
- Bringing domain experts in a presidential system without people being democratically elected would deter people from giving independent advice.
- Parliamentary system is part of ‘basic structure’ doctrine (SC-1973)
- This matter was considered in detail by the Swaran
- The committee recommended that the parliamentary system has been doing well and hence, there is no need to replace it with the presidential system.
A system of government is not simply a matter of citizen’s prosperity or liberty, it is also a matter of their morality. For a nation to prosper, its political system must foster a national vision, ensure fairness, encourage participation and ensure inclusive growth.