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To prepare for Indian Polity for any competitive exam, aspirants have to know about the basics of the Parliamentary System. It gives an idea of all the topics important for IAS Exam and the polity syllabus (GS-II). Parliamentary systems and related topics are extremely important for the UPSC Exam. This is an essential portion of the polity. As IAS aspirants, you should be thorough with the Parliamentary System. This article will provide you with relevant details about the Meaning and Background of the Parliamentary System

 

MEANING AND BACKGROUND
  • Parliamentary system entails – Executive is responsible to the legislature for its policies and legislations.
  • Constitution of India provides for a parliamentary form of government, both at the Centre and in the States.
  • Art 74 and 75 – Parliamentary system of government at the Union level
  • Art 163 and 164 – Parliamentary system of government at the States level.
  • The parliamentary system in India is borrowed from the GOI 1935.
  • Key features – Democracy, Discussion, Debate, and Accountability.
  • Parliamentary government is also known as Cabinet government, Responsible government, Westminster model.
  • T Shah, member of constituent assembly pressed for Presidential System in India
  • Art 75 (Art. 164 at state) is foundation stone and bedrock of parliamentary democracy – collective responsibility.
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