Correlation Between Fundamental Rights and Fundamental Duties
To prepare for Indian Polity for any competitive exam, aspirants have to know about the basics of the Fundamental Duties. It gives an idea of all the topics important for IAS Exam and the polity syllabus (GS-II). Fundamental Duties and related topics are extremely important for the UPSC Exam. This is an essential portion of the polity. As IAS aspirants, you should be thorough with the Fundamental Duties. This article will provide you with relevant details about the Correlation Between Fundamental Rights and Fundamental Duties.
|CORRELATION BETWEEN FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS AND FUNDAMENTAL DUTIES|
|FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS||FUNDAMENTAL DUTIES|
|Sourced from – USA constitution||Sourced from – USSR constitution|
|Part III – Art 12 – 35||Part IV A – Art 51 A|
|Justiciable and enforceable in nature||Neither Justiciable nor enforceable in nature|
|Applicable (Barring Art.15, 16, 19, 29, 30 – only applicable to Indian citizens) to foreigners as well.||Application is limited to Indians only. Not applicable to foreigners.|
|Embedded in original text of Indian constitution||Not mentioned in original constitution. Included by 42nd CAA 1976 and 86th CAA 2002.|
|Self-enforceable (Except Art. 17)||Not Self-enforceable|
|Responsibility is on the state to protect the rights of citizenry||Responsibility is on the individual to observe duties during enjoying rights.|
|Fundamental Rights are complementary to Duties.||Duties are complementary to Fundamental Rights.|
Duties are result of rights fulfilment
- In liberal democracies when citizens are allowed to to exercise their due rights, they will automatically fulfill essential duties towards the prosperity of the nation-state and parallely, the government will take its duties seriously in providing conducive conditions for practising the rights by citizen.
- For example, when Right to Equality, Against Discrimination, and Minorities Protection is ensured as under Fundamental Rights, Fundamental duties of upholding unity and integrity, promoting harmony, women’s dignity will automatically further as everyone would have a stake in achieving so by fulfilling personal social aims.
- Similar would be case when Right to Liberty and Freedom is ensured, the individual’s development will lead to excellence, scientific temper and respect for national ideals.
- In such a process state will do its duties by enabling fulfilling social and economic democracy through DPSP to allow for political democracy i.e. Fundamental Rights.
Rights are result of Duties fulfilment
- The free citizens should be conscious of their duties while enjoying their rights as rights are not absolute and cannot be enjoyed at the cost of others. This led to the addition of Chapter IV-A on the recommendation of Swaran Singh Committee during the Emergency period.
- Duties like respect for national ideals, protection of heritage, promotion of harmony at individual level, while promoting welfare of citizens, justice, educational interest of backward classes, ensure judicial independence at the State level in form of DPSP, enables conditions for enjoying rights by a citizen for his/her personal development.