Generation of Rights
To prepare for Indian Polity for any competitive exam, aspirants have to know about the basics of Fundamental Rights. It gives an idea of all the topics important for IAS Exam and the polity syllabus (GS-II). Fundamental Rights and related topics are extremely important for the UPSC Exam. This is an essential portion of the polity. As IAS aspirants, you should be thorough with the Union and Territories. This article will provide you with relevant details about the Generation of Rights.
|GENERATIONS OF RIGHTS|
- In the writings of Jotirao Phuley (1827-1890), a radical social reformer from Maharashtra, we find one of the earliest expressions of the view that rights include both freedom and equality.
- With civilisation of the society and development of citizen-state nature, rights got more refined and broader versions.
- However, judicial interpretation and rulings played stellar role in broadening the scope and ambit of rights in the then-contemporary contexts. This made rights more inclusive in spirit.
- Given historical and evolutionary nature of the rights, they can be divided into following different generations
- Civil and Political – Right to liberty
- Rights to life
- Freedom of speech
- Right to speech
- Socio – Economic rights – Right to Equality
- Right to work
- Right to education
- Right to food
- Right to shelter
- Right of collective – fraternity
- Right of sexual minorities
- Right of ethnic and religious minorities
- Consumer rights
- Right to differently abled
- Right to clean and healthy environment
- Rights of future generations – impacts the whole humanity
- Exploration of cosmic space
- Sustainable use of Global commons
- Net neutrality
- Right to internet as a basic human right.