Background of Fundamental Rights
To prepare for Indian Polity for any competitive exam, aspirants have to know about the basics of Fundamental Rights. It gives an idea of all the topics important for IAS Exam and the polity syllabus (GS-II). Fundamental Rights and related topics are extremely important for the UPSC Exam. This is an essential portion of the polity. As IAS aspirants, you should be thorough with the Union and Territories. This article will provide you with relevant details about the Background of Fundamental Rights.
- During ancient times, focus was more on justice as opposed to the rights.
- The notion of the entitlements of the rights can be traced back to “Magna Carta” of 1215.
- Human rights are abstract formulations which can be traced to religious and moral philosophies.
- Codification and enumeration of these rights allows them to develop and gave rise to human rights laws.
- The Motilal Nehru committee had demanded a bill of rights as far back as in 1928.
- During the Indian National Movement, this idea of rights was further sharpened and expanded to constitutional rights.
- Our Constitution reflected this long tradition and listed the fundamental rights. Since 1950, the has functioned as an important protector of rights.