To prepare for Indian Polity for any competitive exam, aspirants have to know about the basics of the Constitution of India. It gives an idea of all the topics important for IAS Exam and the polity syllabus (GS-II.)
Constitution and related topics are extremely important for the UPSC exam. This is an essential portion of the polity. As IAS aspirants, you should be thorough with the constitution of India. This article will provide you with relevant details about the following topics:
Definition of Constitution
Significance of Constitution
Objective of Constitution
|WHAT IS CONSTITUTION?|
- A constitution is a body of fundamental principles according to which a state is constituted or governed.
- The constitution is fundamental law of land that fulfils the aspirations and goals of a society.
- It is an overarching framework within which one pursues individual aspirations, goals and freedoms.
- It defines the fundamental values that we may not trespass.
- The constitution is a living document which grows and evolves according to needs and aspirations of changing society through instruments such as –
- Amendments to the constitution
- Judicial interpretations and judgements.
|SIGNIFICANCE OF CONSTITUTION|
- It gives us a political framework and distributes decision making powers.
- Constitution exhibits our conflicts, aspirations, ideals and national struggle.
- Constitution also gives one a moral identity.
- It creates, reflects and accords an Indian identity to individuals.
|OBJECTIVE OF CONSTITUTION|
|“Constitution envisions establishing an egalitarian social order rendering to every citizen social, economic and political justice in a social and economic democracy of the Bharat Republic” – Supreme Court observed in 1997|
- To enable the government to fulfil the aspirations of a society and create conditions for a just society.
- To specify who has the power to make decisions in a society. It decides how the government will be constituted.
- Constitution is to provide a set of basic rules that allow for minimal coordination amongst members of society.
- To set some limits on what a government can impose on its citizens.
- A political philosophy based on the idea that government authority is derived from the people and should be limited by a constitution.
- Origin– Magna Carta (1215) of King John of England and English Bill of Rights.
- The western idea of constitutionalism is negative in orientation as it seeks to restrict, disempower and limit the state.
- Components –
- Rule of law – Developed by British ruler Dicey
- Separation of power – India follows the mixed separation of power model
- Free press and media
- Independent judiciary
- Elected government (temporariness of government)