Pakistan Occupied Kashmir (PoK) Issue
To prepare for Indian Polity for any competitive exam, aspirants have to know about the basics of Union and Territories. It gives an idea of all the topics important for IAS Exam and the polity syllabus (GS-II). Union and Territories and related topics are extremely important for the UPSC Exam. This is an essential portion of the polity. As IAS aspirants, you should be thorough with the Union and Territories. This article will provide you with relevant details about the Pakistan Occupied Kashmir (PoK) Issue.
|Pakistan Occupied Kashmir (PoK) Issue|
- External Affairs Minister S. Jaishankar said (Sept 2019) that “we expect one day we will have physical jurisdiction” over Pakistan Occupied Kashmir (PoK).
- A resolution unanimously adopted by Parliament on February 22, 1994 affirmed that “the UT of Jammu & Kashmir has been, is and shall be an integral part of India.
- It demanded that Pakistan must vacate the areas of the Indian State of Jammu and Kashmir, which they have occupied through aggression.
- PoK and GB are both part of the UT of Jammu and Kashmir, which is an integral part of India by virtue of its accession to India in 1947.
- PoK is an area of 13,297 sq. km, which was under the control of the Pakistani forces when the ceasefire line came into effect on January 1, 1949.
- That was after a 14-month period of hostilities between India and Pakistan, which began with an invasion of Kashmir by Pashtun tribesmen, and later its Army, to seize Kashmir.
- In 1963, through an agreement, Pakistan ceded to China over 5,000 sq. km of J&K land under its control, in the Shaksgam area, in northern Kashmir, beyond the Karakoram.
|DEMOGRAPHY OF PoK|
- PoK has a population of over 40 lakh (4 Million), according to a census carried out in 2017.
- It is divided into 10 districts: Neelum, Muzaffarabad, Hattian Bala, Bagh, and Haveli bordering areas in Kashmir, and Rawlakot, Kotli, Mirpur, and Bhimber bordering areas in Jammu.
- The capital of PoK is Muzaffarabad, a town located in the valley of the Jhelum river and its tributary Neelum (which Indians call Kishanganga) to the west and slightly north of Srinagar.