Fundamental Rights ( FRs ) are those rights that are guaranteed by the constitution itself. viz, Right to Equality, Right to Freedom Right against Exploitation etc. These rights ensure the overall development of individuals. If these rights are violated we can approach the Supreme Court or the High Court for the restoration of these rights.
Articles 12-35 of the Indian Constitution deal with Fundamental Rights. These human rights are conferred upon the citizens of India for the Constitution tells that these rights are inviolable. Right to Life, Right to Dignity, Right to Education etc. all come under one of the six main fundamental rights.
Fundamental rights are a very important topic in the polity section of the UPSC exam. It is a basic static portion of the syllabus but it is highly dynamic in the sense that it is featured in the daily news in some form or the other. Hence, it is highly important for the IAS exam.
In this article, you can read all about the following topics:
- Background of Fundamental Rights
- Generation of Rights
- Constitutional Provisions and Significance of Fundamental Rights
- Nature of Fundamental Rights
- Primacy – Fundamental Rights or DPSP?
- Meaning of State under Article 12
- Law Inconsistent with Fundamental Rights – Article 13
- Amendabiltiy of Fundamental Rights
- Fundamental Rights – For INDIANS viz a viz FOREIGNERS
- Fundamental Rights in Constitution